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Pieter Brueghel III

1589 – Antwerp – circa 1638/39

The son of Pieter Brueghel the Younger, he was accepted as a free master by the Antwerp Guild of Painters in 1608 and worked in his father’s studio, eventually taking it over in 1630.

Forty years passed between the death of the illustrious Pieter Brueghel the Elder and the appointment of his grandson, Pieter Brueghel III, as a master. During this interval, demand continue to increase and since the originals were jealously guarded in princely collections, and were thus unobtainable, art-lovers had no choice but to obtain copies, or more often variants, as proven by the high number of replicas. This production also allowed the lost paintings of Pieter Brueghel the Elder to be passed down. Furthermore, these repetitive scenes revealed the links between the studio of Pieter Brueghel II and III with other masters, such as David Vinckboons, Jacob Savery, Martin van Cleve and Jacob Grimmer. In the versions attributed to Pieter Brueghel III, often confused with those of his father, facial expressions become caricatured and the strength of the colours more pronounced. In his original paintings, which are rare, he underlines the satirical aspect of the Brueghelian universe.

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